Thanks for making these, Top Criminal Justice Degrees…
Not created by Wiki World Order. After a specific request to share this, and agreeing with it’s informative goals toward ending the war on drugs, I’ve shared this info graphic.
The editors at Online Paralegal Degree Center decided to research the topic of:
Up in Smoke: A Timeline of Marijuana Use in the U.S.
The political discussion regarding decriminalizing marijuana use is centuries old, yet remains a hot-button issue even today. Where did it all start? Are we heading for a full legalization of marijuana throughout the country? Let’s explore some of these questions, as well as a quick look at the increase of its use in the U.S.
18.9 million – The number of marijuana users (occasional and daily) in the U.S. This accounts for 7.3% of the population.
42% – The percentage of Americans 12 and older who have used marijuana at one point in their lives
4.4 million – The increase in marijuana users from 2007 to today
48.3% – Percentage of drug arrests involving marijuana
1 in 3 – Americans who live in states where pot is legal for medical uses
333,578 – Americans admitted to treatment programs for marijuana abuse or addiction in 2011, though chemical addiction to the drug remains a debatable issue
Washington and Colorad – The only two states that have legalized the recreational use of small amounts of marijuana
- Marijuana isn’t always used for recreation. Its euphoric “high” is often utilized as a natural painkiller for various diseases. But only select states hold the right to disperse it to patients.
There are currently 21 states that allow the use of medicinal marijuana, including D.C.
- Alaska – Arizona – California – Colorado – Connecticut – D.C. – Delaware – Hawaii – Illinois – Maine – Massachusetts – Michigan – Montana – Nevada – New Hampshire – New Jersey – New Mexico – Oregon – Rhode Island – Vermont – Washington
Diseases/conditions for which medicinal marijuana can be prescribed:
- AIDS (HIV) – Alzheimer’s disease – Arthritis – Crohn’s disease – Epilepsy – Glaucoma – Hepatitis C – Migraines – Multiple sclerosis – Nausea due to chemotherapy – Tourette’s syndrome – Those with terminally ill cancers/conditions
Back in the Day
- Where did it all start? Here is a brief timeline of marijuana production and use in the U.S.
1890s – After the Civil War, marijuana is sold in many over-the-counter medicinal products, and hemp is still a common element in clothes manufacturing.
1906 – The Pure Food and Drug Act is passed, requiring any product with cannabis in it be labeled appropriately.
1920s – After the Mexican Revolution, Mexican immigrants migrate to the United States. Recreational use of marijuana spikes, and the drug becomes associated with the immigrant population.
1930 – The Federal Bureau of Narcotics is established, and the federal criminalization of marijuana looms.
1931 – The list of states outlawing marijuana rises to 29 as fear and resentment of Mexican immigrants increases during the Great Depression.
1936 – “Reefer Madness,” the propaganda film intent on scaring middle class white citizens into fearing marijuana use, is released.
1950s – Federal mandatory minimum sentences for marijuana possession and use are established.
1960s – Recreational use of marijuana increases and creeps into upper-class America. But its effects are scientifically studied and shown not to induce violence.
1970s – Many mandatory minimum sentences for marijuana are repealed, and for the first time marijuana is differentiated from other more harmful drugs.
1986 – President Ronald Reagan promises to get tough on marijuana use and introduces new federal minimum mandatory sentences.
1996 – California’s Proposition 215 allows marijuana to be used as a painkiller for various diseases, include AIDS and cancer.
2000 to 2011 – More than a dozen states vote to decriminalize marijuana for medical uses. But because of federal laws, marijuana use and possession still remain chargeable offenses.
2012 – Washington and Colorado become the first two states to legalize recreational use of marijuana for some adults.
The Doobie Debate: Dangerous Gateway or Harmless Hobby?
To some, it’s a less-dangerous version of alcohol. To others, it’s a hazardous trend that provides a gateway into harder drugs. Let’s take a closer look at this debate and where it leaves the U.S. today.
There is a clear difference between both the number of people who smoke marijuana today compared to the 20th century and the number of people who are willing to admit it.
1964 – 4 in 100 people had smoked marijuana in the past year.
2013 – Gallup polls show that 1 in 4 people have smoked marijuana in the past year.
What are the two sides actually saying?
Marijuana is no more harmful to the body than alcohol or cigarettes.
Crime rates relating to marijuana and drug cartels would reduce.
The FDA could regulate the safety of marijuana.
Its legalization would free “criminals” who have suffered harsh mandatory minimum sentences in U.S. prisons.
No hope in dope!
Marijuana is a gateway drug to harder, more dangerous drugs.
Incidents of intoxicated driving would increase.
Those who have been arrested for marijuana-related charges will be back on the streets and committing more crimes.
The legalization of marijuana will eventually lead to the legalization of all drugs.
Re-Posted from Students for Sensible Drug Policy, http://ssdp.org/news/blog/after-6-years-university-of-maryland-finally-approves-good-samaritan-policy-for-all-drugs/. I started the University of Maryland chapter of SSDP in 2002 and have been involved in fighting the drug war ever since. Congratulations to all the beautiful activists in our family! <3
Four generations of SSDP activists’ work results in victory
Written by Stacia Cosner
Yesterday, I returned to the University of Maryland, my alma mater, to attend a University Senate (the governing body comprised of 90% faculty and staff, and 10% students) meeting where members voted 81-2-1 in favor of an important life-saving overdose prevention policy. The Diamondback reports:
After proposing a measure nearly six years ago that would protect dangerously drunk students or students on drugs from university sanctions if they call 911 for themselves or a friend, the University Senate voted overwhelmingly yesterday to approve an all-inclusive Good Samaritan policy.
The policy first passed the senate in 2011, when it was amended to only include alcohol. But activists quickly mobilized to push for a policy that included all drugs, leading former undergraduate senator Brandon Levey to propose all-inclusive legislation more than a year ago. Now, after the senate’s 81-2 vote with one abstention, the measure will go to university President Wallace Loh for his signature.
I started working on this issue in 2007 as an Undergraduate Senator at UMD when I first introduced the idea for an all-inclusive “Call 911 Good Samaritan” policy that would protect students from University sanctions in situations where emergency medical assistance is needed for a student overdosing on alcohol or other drugs. Unfortunately, my proposal wasn’t able to make it out of committee before my term expired.
Fortunately, Irina Alexander, President of the UMD SSDP chapter at the time (and later SSDP board member), picked up where I left off as she was elected to the University Senate. She worked tirelessly on this issue during her term, making major strides forward, but falling just short of a full Senate vote on the issue before her term was up. Then Brandon Levey, another UMD SSDP officer (and later, SSDP board member), got himself a seat in the Senate, as Irina passed the torch to him.
In 2011, we enjoyed a major victory when the University Senate unanimously approved an alcohol-only Good Samaritan policy. But we knew our work wasn’t done yet. Brandon and other allies continued working toward the goal of a policy that would include all drugs. When his term expired, Crystal Varkalis, UMD SSDP officer, picked up where he left off as she was elected to the University Senate and was able to bring us to yesterday’s victory.
Watch Crystal and Brandon address the University Senate before the vote.
Thank you and congratulations to everyone who helped make this possible. Words can hardly describe how proud I am to have been a part of this six-year campaign!
Visit our “Call 911 Good Samaritan” policy campaign section to learn more about these life-saving measures.
P.S. Making the win even sweeter still, today is my birthday. :) Please consider helping me celebrate with a $26 donation to SSDP via my Causes birthday wish.
Jeremy Salken of Big Gigantic discussing Amendment 64 and political activism
Re-Posted from Students for Sensible Drug Policy, http://ssdp.org/news/blog/amplify-project-interview-with-big-gigantic/. I started the University of Maryland chapter of SSDP in 2002 and have been involved in fighting the drug war ever since. Congrats to all anti-drug warriors on the big steps forward this election after decades of work. <3
Brooke Napier, National Outreach Coordinator for the AMPLIFY Project (Students for Sensible Drug Policy), asked Jeremy Salken of Big Gigantic a few questions last week about the recent passage of Amendment 64 and how the music community can encourage youth to get involved in the political process.
Thank you for taking the time before tonight’s show to talk with me! Amendment 64 in your home state of Colorado just passed, officially legalizing the recreational use of marijuana. What do you think about this and what this means for drug policy reform at large?
I think it’s very exciting! Locally in Colorado it seems it hasn’t really changed the mentality towards marijuana because it was decriminalized already in some localities here, and basically decriminalized state-wide before. It’s a big move for the country though, and I’m hoping the federal government doesn’t interfere with the laws here or in Washington; they should listen to what the people want. I have a feeling a lot of people will end up moving to Colorado, and I can understand why; I grew up in VA where marijuana use was really heavily penalized. I mean, I want people to know about this new law and how great Colorado is overall, but it’s peaceful and quiet here so I don’t want that to get ruined either. (Laughs)
What would you say to student volunteers and activists who helped work on this initiative or to others who are working on legalization in other parts in of the country?
Thank you all SO much for your hard work. Any kind of ground support and grassroots organizing is great, and word of mouth is best way to get information out there and to build a solid following. It’s so important for voters to not just see advertisements but to hear from real people who care and know about the issues. People become much more committed to a cause when they see the battle being fought on the ground. It’s so inspiring to see what people can do when they put their minds to it. And this kind of commitment doesn’t stop with just the issue of legalizing marijuana. There are many important issues out there that we need to work together on, and to stop being afraid to rise up against corporations and the mainstream propaganda. I think this shows we are making steps in the right direction though.
How do you think the music community can influence youth to get involved in the political process?
There are many organizations out there like the AMPLIFY Project, Conscious Alliance, Rock the Vote, Head Count, and Massive Exposure for example that encourage people within the music community to get involved in the political process and I think a lot of youth are already actively working with these organizations. I encourage everyone involved in these types of organizations to keep it up, and for those not yet involved to get active. Becoming actively involved in the music community you care about encourages youth to not only look at the music that’s there but at the larger community surrounding the music, which in turn helps them to understand what it’s like to be a part of the larger global community.
I’m 31 now, and when I was 16-my early 20′s I loved jam music and wanted to get in to a million shows. So I used to actually volunteer for Conscious Alliance to get to see my favorite bands for free, and it was great; I became a part of the jam community and really loved to help out however I could and it became important for me to continue the community building process. For me and for many others in the music community now, it was that you’re a fan first and then you start thinking about making it your life and career, and how you can be a part of the bigger picture.
Many of these organizations based around music communities encouraging involvement in the political process have been strong in the jam scene for a while, but I’d really like to see more involvement from the youth in the EDM scene. The EDM scene often attracts a much younger crowd and I encourage those younger kids to realize there’s more than just the music, but that there’s this thriving community as well and they can help make it stronger.
Experimenting with drugs seems to be pretty prevalent within the EDM scene. Honestly though, the reality is that people in general do drugs, just as they have for a long time. I just want people who make that decision to be as safe as they can. That’s why I think AMPLIFY is so awesome. Not only do the volunteers make people aware of what’s going on in drug policy and offer ways to push for policy change, but during shows and at festivals your table offers people a safe place to go to have open discussions about drug use as well as information and materials to help make safer choices. AMPLIFY volunteers help people in a very direct way by offering a place to talk and cool down; of course if there’s a medical emergency you want to get someone to the hospital, but many times people who are too spun are not experiencing a life-threatening emergency and really just need a place to get grounded and for someone to tell them it’ll be ok. So really, thank you to all of the volunteers who help create this space.
We are all just as thankful to have welcomed Big Gigantic as a part of the AMPLIFY project this year, and have really enjoyed being a part of Big Gigantic’s current Uprising Tour. How has the tour been going? What have been your favorite stops so far?
The double tour has been really great. We’ve been able to hit entire country, and I can’t believe there’s only a week and a half left. One of my favorites was the sold out show at the National, in my home town of Richmond, Virginia. Others that really stick out are Kalamazoo, Michigan, being out west in Los Angeles, and Little Rock. I did have a blast getting to many smaller towns too this tour.
Well thank you so much for taking the time to talk with me today Jeremy, and have a great show tonight!
Thank you, and I look forward to seeing AMPLIFY at our shows.
Short version with just a few highlights…
It was a very standard and mainstream campaign speech, but it was great to see thousands of excited supporters of liberty in Davis, CA.
May 14 Update: Ron Paul will stop campaigning, but will continue delegate hunt. So this was one of the last speeches on his campaign.
Rick Doblin, founder of Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies. March 25th in Denver, CO.
A history of Students for Sensible Drug Policy. March 24th in Denver, CO.
Peter Neiger, Alex Padilla, Shaleen Title, and Jasmine Tyler, with Kat Murti facilitating.
Second half of breakout session on transcending political differences. March 24, 2012 in Denver, CO.
Download Higher Quality Video: http://WikiWorldOrder.org/video/shorts/WhyRonPaul.divx
Why Ron Paul?
Even though the puppet President position of the United Corporation of America, can do little alone to change the game.
I’m registering Republican this election and voting for Ron Paul because he is the ONLY “electable” candidate talking about PEACE!
The ONLY candidate in either party talking about ending our current wars in Iraq, Afghanistan, Libya, and others…and NOT starting new ones!
Even if Paul doesn’t get elected, we deserve a real challenge to Obama in the general election and NONE of the other candidates have a chance at beating the incumbent.
If nothing else, this Air Force veteran can bring a radical policy of PEACE to a wider audience than the republican “debates”.
Try listening to a Ron Paul highlights reel on YouTube for a debate on one of the Cartoon News Networks,
and even if you don’t agree with all his very consistent positions, SURPRISE!…you will hear rational discourse!
I know his vision of dramatically reduced government may scare many. But since the revolving doors surrounding most regulatory agencies allow them to be used more as a tools FOR the corporate-industrial complex to maintain hegemony…is less of THAT really worse?
Why Ron Paul?
Not just because he is the only mainstream candidate in both parties with any real empathy for the worldwide Occupation of the 99.99%.
Not just because the mainstream still insists that nobody predicted the “Great Recession.”
I’m voting for Ron Paul because he is the ONLY candidate in either party talking about the FEDERAL RESERVE.
Because he tried to prevent this extra radical consolidation of wealth and the “Great Recession”…at least ten years ago.
I don’t agree with him on every single issue, but he nails all the ones that matter most [urgently].
Not just because all the other “electable” candidates support the continued expansion of the war on drugs, war on terror, and cybersecurity.
I’m voting for Ron Paul because he was one of the few who voted AGAINST THE USA PATRIOT ACT and the recent treasonous National Defense Authorization Act!
I’m voting “Blue Republican” without expectations or HOPE for CHANGE by replacing one seat in corrupt government.
But if nothing else, it will send a message to the world that WE THE PEOPLE of America want PEACE!
Not because paperless electronic voting machines are intended to be rigged, and our votes don’t matter as much as they used to.
I’m voting for Ron Paul AND TELLING PEOPLE ABOUT IT, because he really could win as a Constitutionalist right now in this year of 1776 — I mean 2012.
Why Ron Paul?
I’m voting for Ron Paul because when he speaks, he almost always speaks from the heart…unlike most politicians.
You can feel him telling you what he truly believes, instead of just what his polls or handlers say.
So who should he choose for Vice President?
Who else speaks from principled and good positions?
I would LOVE to see him run with Dennis Kucinich
…or Cynthia McKinney, another of my few heroes in Congress.
I would trust most compromises found with such a team of “rivals” in the White House…
at least wildly more than any other “electable” options presented in any election in my lifetime.
I would LOVE to vote for such a team of allies for PEACE in 2012.
Even though we must also outgrow the octopus, and occupy the world.
Even though we must also apply critical thinking to more of our thoughts and daily dollar votes.
Even though we must also spread love and solidarity for our fellow humans around the world.
Not to immediately realize the world we want..
But to at least help shift the consciousness towards PEACE.
That’s Why Ron Paul.